In cats, obesity is the same as in humans: they consume more calories than they consume. As a fattener can therefore be called snacks that contain many calories, but few nutrients. The cat does not feel full although it has already exceeded its calorie requirement.
Gradually, the unused calorie surplus deposits as a fat pad - it comes to overweight. Fat cats become lethargic and do not enjoy moving so much that their calorie needs continue to decline. Do not put your cat on a diet on your own, but work out a nutrition plan with your vet. Maybe he can recommend special diet food.
Calorie requirement of cats
To prevent overweight, high-calorie cat candies should remain a rare exception. Domestic cats, which move little, consume about 60 kilocalories per kilogram of body weight daily. Average active cats require about 70 kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per day. And if you have a wild freezer, you'll need around 80 kilocalories per kilogram of body weight to meet your daily energy needs.
For cats to lose weight, they need to consume fewer calories than they consume. Therefore, when calculating the calorie requirement, use your cat's healthy normal body weight. A small, petite flat cat should weigh about four kilograms and only needs 240 kilocalories a day. A large Maine Coon cat can weigh up to twelve kilograms without being overweight. If he is still very active, he needs 960 kilocalories a day to stay fit.
Overweight due to fattening?
Above all, high-fat foods can turn out to be fattening. One gram of fat contains nine kilocalories, while one gram of carbs and one gram of protein contain only four kilocalories. Although cats need high-quality fats to stay healthy, the most important thing for them is protein, or protein. Carbohydrates play only a minor role for the species-appropriate cat nutrition, your little girl needs only a little of it.
Typical fatteners for cats are snacks that consist of a lot of fat and a few proteins. These include the fat margin of ham, whipped cream, butter and cheese. Also, liver sausage, the skin of poultry or high-fat pieces of meat can quickly boost the energy intake of your cat. Even delicacies such as cat's milk or supposedly healthy supplements such as vitamin pastes usually contain a lot of fat. Also, be careful with dry food and treats. They often contain a lot of carbohydrates in the form of starch or even sugar that your kitty does not need at all.
Find the right balance
If it is not on the packaging, you can usually ask the manufacturer how many calories the presumptive fat producers contain. For leftovers from the kitchen table, a quick internet search often helps to calculate the calorie content. Discuss with your vet how much your cat should weigh to be overweight so you can adjust your calorie intake. If your Miez moves again, from time to time even an exceptional treat is allowed. However, it should stay within limits.